Maintaining good oral health is important
to limit the amount of harmful bacteria in our mouth and body.
Without proper oral care and hygiene, bacteria can cause oral infections such as tooth decay and gum disease. Other factors that may also adversely affect gum health include: Smoking, Diabetes, Stress, Clenching or Teeth Grinding, Medication and Poor Nutrition.
THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF diseases THAT CAN AFFECT THE GUMS: GINGIVITIS & PERIODONTITIS
Gingivitis, which literally translates to inflammation of the gums, is a process where the gums appear to be more red, puffy, swollen, and exhibit increased bleeding when brushing or flossing. Dental plaque is usually the main cause of gingivitis and can be controlled with regular dental cleanings and oral hygiene advice.
When prolonged, gingivitis can progress into periodontitis, which translates into the inflammation of the supporting structures of the teeth. Periodontal disease gradually destroys the gum, ligament, and bone support of the teeth, leading to teeth shifting and mobility.
Gum Disease has been linked to serious chronic conditions such as:
- Oral, Head and Neck Cancer
- Heart Disease
- Respiratory Disease
- Pregnancy Complications
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
Be aware of key signs and symptoms of gingivitis, like red, swollen or bleeding gums. Patients can also sometimes feel a dull, diffuse throbbing ache around or in-between teeth.
Regular dental visits as well as daily brushing and flossing can help prevent most periodontal conditions. Talk to your dentist about your medical history and how controlling your periodontal health can benefit your overall health.
Pregnancy Gingivitis/ Granuloma
There is a direct connection between pregnancy and bleeding gums. During pregnancy, increased levels of pregnancy hormones can cause an increased response by plaque bacteria leading to gingivitis. Talking to your dentist about this elevated risk before and during this special time in your life can also help reverse or prevent gingivitis.
In special cases, pregnancy related gingivitis can lead to an overgrowth of the gums called a Pregnancy Granuloma, which can heal with appropriate dental visits.